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Madame de Pompadour Eau de Parfum 100 ml
Madame de Pompadour Eau de Parfum 100 ml

Floral Woody Musk Notes: Beurre d'Iris, Mille Fleurs : Rose, Jasmin, Violette,...Ambre

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Nicolas de Barry - Madame de Pompadour- The Ambitious



Louis XV’s mistress, Madame de Pompadour met him in Versailles in 1945 at the big masked ball thrown for the marriage of the heir apparent Louis-Ferdinand. He moved her the same year into an apartment above his. In July, he offered her the Pompadour estate, the mistress became marquise and was officially presented to the court in September 1745; dazzling rise for someone who was not of noble descent...
 
The iris flower dominates the head and the bouquet is a collection of the favourite flowers of the Marquise: roses, jasmine, gardenia, violets, hyacinth, daffodil and tuberous. Iris and amber in large quantities give this bouquet a more powdered elegance.
 
Floral Woody Musk
Notes: Beurre d'Iris, Mille Fleurs : Rose, Jasmin, Violette,...Ambre

The story

Louis XV and the Marquise de Pompadour

In the whole of Europe Louis XV's Court was known as "the Perfumed Court" either to admire it or to stigmatize it ....  In fact, the 18 th century was not only the age of enlightenment but also of elegance and perfumes ...  Perfumers such as Fargeon and before him Dejean have left us manuscripts where the use of raw materials and the tastes of the time are detailed.

 

Historians relate the passion that the King and the Marquise had for oranges, bouquets of flowers, bathing (the recent restoration of the Marquise's bathroom with two bathtubs in Verseilles illustrates this well), and potpourris ...

In Verseilles in the King's private and secret apartments perfume was everywhere, by this fact many experts claim that the King fled the stench that reigned in the common rooms of Versailles ...

 

The couple spent a considerable amount of time in other residences and the Marquise reined as an absolute mistress of pleasures, particularly olfactory ones. There are reports that her accounts show expenditures of five hundred pounds per year for perfumes. ...

 

The Marquise appeared in all her pictures surrounded by flowers arranged symbolically almost like an illustration of the perfumery formula.  The historian Danielle Gallet , author of a well-known biography of the Marquise, has remarked : "roses and their ancient symbolic meanings are omnipresent in all their forms", in her gardens, in the interior decoration of her lodgings, in her theatre, in the light shades of her library, in the material of her dresses and of course on her coat of arms.  More generally, she and her regal lover loved the fashionable bouquets of flowers whose colours and scents where were composed in a highly refined manner.

 

This trend in perfume and bouquets lasted until the end of the 19th century : it was the quintessence of the kingdom of flowers.  An Eau took on the name of "a thousand flowers".  This dream of perfection was used in what is called nowadays "the heart note".  For the "base note", the fashion was to use ambergris and musk, but musk was becoming less popular ...  The "top notes" were citrus based and were already fashionable in Louis XIV's court thanks to the Princess Trémoille - Nerola after whom is called the famous bitter orange blossom: Neroli.    Louis V and the Marquise greatly appreciated the "Portuguese" orange essence which was also used for medicinal purposes and distilled on site on the castle grounds.  Danielle Gallet reports that the Marquise used the orange blossom water to calm her migraines.  

 

At the time no distinction was made between feminine and masculine perfumes, the two famous lovers shared the same perfumes.  They exchanged them and changed them every day just like an erotic game.

 

Moreover, the manner in which one perfumed oneself was different to our present day customs in which we only use perfume on our bodies.  The whole environment was perfumed.  One of the Marquise's own original recipes for pot-pourri has been found, she had them made and distributed in her lodgings in superb de Sèvres porcelain pots 

that she had had made for this purpose.  Even the woodworks and glue for material and paper were perfumed!  Fresh flowers and pot-pourris for the room, salts for baths, scented sachets for wardrobes and clothes, gloves and handkerchiefs were perfumed and of course, wigs and hair were powdered with iris root scented talcum powder. Perfume to be used on the body just  completed the panorama.  Nevertheless, given the fact that the 18th centrury liked to integrate all the products coming from the orient and the colonies the formulas were very sophisticated. Some perfumes comprised of more than thirty different ingredients and were consequently very expensive, they were very different from the perfumes used by Marguerite de Valois whose perfume comprised of just three different ingredients just two centuries earlier  !

 

In his re-creation, Nicolas de Barry has not tried to reproduce « the » royal couple's perfume, but « a » perfume (in two different examples) taking inspiration from the many different fomulas used which all had a common base that varied little : Orange, Neroli and Bergamot dominating the top notes and the heart note is comprised of the couple's favorite flowers : rose, jasmine, gardenia, lilac, violet, hyacinth, daffodil, carnation, tuberose etc. Irise and ambergris give elegance to this bouquet more powdery for the Marquise and more citrus orientated for the King.   The body of the perfume is nevertheless identical …

On the day of the Marquise's funeral, the King watched the funeral procession from behind his windows in Verseilles but could not partake in it because of court etiquettes: He paid a tribute to his mistress by ordering the funeral bearers to wear perfumed gloves made by Lady Amey the Marquise's glove-maker... 

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